In July and September 2022, Iran launched a series of highly damaging cyber attacks against Albania. Carefully planned and executed, the attacks targeted various Albanian government services and critical infrastructure. In response, Tirana severed diplomatic relations with Tehran, the first time any country has broken off diplomatic relations with another state following a cyber attack. But why did the Islamic Republic of Iran launch such a serious attack on Albania? On the surface, there would seem to be little reason for it. However, underneath there is a fascinating story.
To find out, check out this awesome video-summary by James Ker-Lindsay, taking an informed look at International Relations with a focus on conflicts, security, and statehood.
FURTHER READING & USEFUL SOURCES
People’s Mojahedin Organization of Iran https://english.mojahedin.org
Albanian Foreign Ministry https://www.punetejashtme.gov.al/en/
Iran Foreign Ministry https://en.mfa.ir
Cyber Security and Infrastructure Security Agency Report https://www.cisa.gov/uscert/sites/def...
Prime Minister Rama Address to Albanian on the Cyber Attacks Kryeministri Edi Rama - Një VENDIM I DETYRUAR I QEVERISË
US Treasury Department Iran Sanctions https://home.treasury.gov/news/press-releases/jy0941
Terrorists, cultists – or champions of Iranian democracy? The wild wild story of the MEK https://amp.theguardian.com/news/2018/nov/09/mek-iran-revolution-regime-trump-rajavi
All content and opinions belong to its author James Ker-Lindsay.